Smoker Behavior Related to Personality Traits – Tobacco Reporter
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Smoker Behavior Related to Personality Traits – Tobacco Reporter

Cigarette smokers, cigar smokers and nonsmokers have different personality profiles, according to a study published July 3 in the journal Science Advances. Plos One by Dritjon Gruda of Universidade Catolica Portuguesa in Portugal and Jim McCleskey of Western Governors University in the United States.

Gruda and McCleskey examined the association between dominant personality traits – openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism – and cigar or cigarette smoking in a sample of 9,918 older adults from 11 European countries.

The results showed that smoking was associated with lower scores on conscientiousness and agreeableness and higher scores on extraversion than nonsmoking. The authors speculated that the relatively low conscientiousness among smokers may reflect a lack of self-discipline and disregard for the long-term health risks that are characteristic of more impulsive behavior, while the lower agreeableness may help explain why smokers often persist despite social disapproval. They also suggested that the observed higher extraversion may suggest that these individuals enjoy the social nature of smoking.

The analysis also identified personality differences between types of smokers, revealing that cigar smokers tended to be lower in neuroticism and higher in openness compared to both cigarette smokers and nonsmokers, highlighting that the motivations and contexts of tobacco use are diverse.

According to the study authors, these results indicate that personality traits are factors influencing the propensity to smoke, which may be important in the context of targeted public health interventions and social policies aimed at combating tobacco use.